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24th Global Annual Oncologists Meeting, will be organized around the theme “”
ONCOLOGISTS 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in ONCOLOGISTS 2020
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Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist.
The three main divisions of Oncology are:
Medical oncology: focuses on treatment of cancer with chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and hormonal therapy.
Surgical oncology: focuses on treatment of cancer with surgery.
Radiation oncology: focuses on treatment of cancer with radiation.
Medical oncology focuses on diagnosing the cancer, developing the treatment plan, and coordinating overall care.
Medical oncologist is responsible for:
- Managing the cancer treatment plan and therapies
- Monitoring and evaluating the progress
- Collaborating with other medical professionals to determine the treatment options
Surgical oncology is the branch of surgery applied to oncology; it focuses on the surgical management of tumors, especially cancerous tumors.
Surgical oncology is the use of surgery to treat cancer. Surgery is done to remove tumors that are cancer. Surgery can be used by itself to treat the cancer or it can be done with other treatments.
Surgery can help cancer care team members to:
Diagnose a cancer
Plan other treatment you may need
Radiation oncology is a medical speciality that involves the controlled use of radiation to treat cancer either for cure, or to reduce pain and other symptoms caused by cancer. Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy) is the term used to describe the actual treatment delivered by the radiation oncology team.
Three unique specialist professions are involved in the practice of radiation oncology: Radiation Oncologists (doctors), Radiation Therapists and Radiation Oncology Medical Physicists. These highly trained medical professionals use advanced technologies to deliver safe and effective radiation therapy to cancer patients with as few side effects as possible. Radiation therapy is a part of treatment in around 40% of all patients cured of cancer.
Radiation therapy uses carefully targeted and regulated doses of high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. Radiation causes some cancer cells to die immediately after treatment, but most die or become incapacitated as a result of the radiation-induced damage to the cancer cell's chromosomes and DNA.
Depending upon the organ affected by cancer and age of the population affected, there are different Sub-specialties in Oncology.
- Track 5-1Neuro-oncology
- Track 5-2Nuclear medicine oncology
- Track 5-3Pain & Palliative oncology
- Track 5-4Geriatric oncology
- Track 5-5Preventive oncology
- Track 5-6Hemato oncology
- Track 5-7Pediatric oncology
- Track 5-8Gynecologic oncology
- Track 5-9Genitourinary oncology
- Track 5-10Dermatological oncology
- Track 5-11Bone & Musculoskeletal oncology
- Track 5-12Gastrointestinal oncology
- Track 5-13Breast oncology
- Track 5-14Head & Neck oncology
- Track 5-15Ocular oncology
- Track 5-16Psycho-oncology
Scientists continue to develop tests that help find specific types of cancer before signs or symptoms appear. This is called screening. The main goals of cancer screening are to:
- Reduce the number of people who die from the disease, or eliminate deaths from cancer altogether
- Reduce the number of people who develop the disease.
Clinical Trials inquire about investigations that include individuals. Clinical Trials are the completing advance in a long procedure that starts with explore in a lab. Before any new treatment is utilized with individuals in Clinical Trials, scientists work for a long time to comprehend its impacts on Cancer cells in the lab and in creatures. They likewise attempt to make sense of the symptoms it might cause. Preliminaries are accessible for all phases of Cancer. It is a legend that they are just for individuals who have propelled Cancer that isn't reacting to treatment.
Pharmacology deals with action of drug in the body. Cancer Pharmacology deals with the drugs used in cancer treatment, their mechanism of action, their side effects and their mode of elimination. Combination of Drugs and their efficacy has been a major choice of research interest.
Genetic changes that promote cancer can be inherited from our parents if the changes are present in germ cells, which are the reproductive cells of the body (eggs and sperm). Such changes, called germline changes, are found in every cell of the offspring.
Cancer-causing genetic changes can also be acquired during one’s lifetime, as the result of errors that occur as cells divide or from exposure to carcinogenic substances that damage DNA, such as certain chemicals in tobacco smoke, and radiation, such as ultraviolet rays from the sun. Genetic changes that occur after conception are called somatic (or acquired) changes.
Oncology Nursing care can defined as meeting the various needs of oncology patients during the time of their disease including appropriate screenings and other preventative practices, symptom management, care to retain as much normal functioning as possible, and supportive measures upon end of life.
Cancer epidemiology is the study of the distribution, determinants, and frequency of malignant disease in specific populations. The objective is to define causative factors to formulate preventive strategies for control of the disease. Epidemiologic assessment provides the clinician with a quantification of cancer risk, outlines the basis for screening modalities for high-risk populations, and determines the efficacy of any preventive intervention.
Many factors influence the development of cancer. Over the last 25 years, science has shown that diet, physical activity, and body weight-especially being overweight or obese-are major risk factors for developing certain types of cancer. Around a third of the most common cancers could be prevented through lifestyle changes. The main behavioural and environmental risk factors for cancer mortality in the world are related to diet and physical inactivity, use of addictive substances, sexual and reproductive health and exposure to air pollution and use of contaminated needles. The body’s ability to resist cancer may be helped by following a healthy diet, staying physically active, and avoiding excess body fat. Cancer and cancer treatments can also affect your body's ability to tolerate certain foods and use nutrients.
As the name proposes, targeted therapies interfere with particular proteins engaged with tumorigenesis. Instead of utilizing expansive base growth medications, concentrating on particular atomic changes which are one of a kind to a specific disease, directed tumor treatments might be all the more remedially gainful for some malignancies, including lung, colorectal, breast, lymphoma and leukemia.
Targeted drugs can work to:
Block or turn off chemical signals that tell the cancer cell to grow and divide
Change proteins within the cancer cells so the cells die
Stop making new blood vessels to feed the cancer cells
Trigger your immune system to kill the cancer cells
Carry toxins to the cancer cells to kill them, but not normal cells